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La Familia

October 26, 2010 Leave a comment

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Formas cortas (Short forms)

October 26, 2010 Leave a comment

 

 

 

 

Algunas conjugaciones pueden tener formas cortas cuando van detrás de pronombres como I, you, he…

 

Ejemplo: I am –> I’m

También las podemos usar detrás de nombres.

Ejemplo: Susan’s had a baby. (Susan has had a baby).

 

Las formas cortas se utilizan en el lenguage coloquial y en cartas informales.

 

Verbo

Forma corta

am (presente verbo to be)

I’m

are (presente verbo to be)

you’re, we’re, you’re, they’re

is (presente verbo to be)

he’s, she’s, it’s

has (presente verbo to have)

he’s, she’s, it’s

have (presente verbo to have)

I’ve, you’ve, we’ve, they’ve

had (pasado verbo to have)

I’d, you’d, he’d, she’d, it’d, we’d, they’d

would (condicional)

I’d, you’d, he’d, she’d, it’d, we’d, they’d

will (futuro)

I’ll, you’ll, he’ll, she’ll, it’ll, we’ll, you’ll,

 

shall (futuro)

Ill, well

 

Hacemos formas cortas con pronombres interrogativos.


 

Verbo

Forma corta

is (presente verbo to be)

what’s, who’s, when’s, how’s…

had (pasado verbo to have)

who’d

would (condicional)

who’d

will (futuro)

what’ll, wholl

 

 

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También podemos hacer formas cortas con here, there y that.

 

Forma larga

Forma corta

here is

here’s

there is / there will

there’s / there’ll

that is / that will

that’s / that’ll

 

 

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clip_image004clip_image005clip_image004[1]clip_image006También podemos hacer la forma corta de algunos verbos en negativo.

 

Verbo

Forma larga negativa

Forma corta negativa

is (presente verbo to be)

is not

isn’t

are (presente verbo to be)

are not

aren’t

do (presente verbo to do)

do not

don’t

does (presente verbo to do)

 

don’t

 

doesn’t

did (pasado verbo to do)

did not

didn’t

has (presente verbo to have)

 

has not

 

hasn’t

have (presente verbo to have)

 

have not

 

haven’t

had (pasado verbo to have)

 

had not

 

hadn’t

would, can, must, need, should…

would not, can not, must not…

wouldn’t, can’t, mustn’t, needn’t, shouldn’t…

will (futuro)

will not

won’t

shall (futuro)

shall not

shan’t

 

Presente Continuo (Present Continuos)

October 26, 2010 Leave a comment

 

sintaxis: sujeto + TO BE + Verbo + ING

El presente continuo se utiliza para hablar sobre algo que esta pasando en el momento en el que hablamos.

 

ejemplo: I‘m writing a letter .

Estoy escribiendo una carta.

 

ejemplo: He is doing some photocopying

El Está haciendo alguna fotocopia.

 

Tambn lo usamos para hablar de algo que esta sucediendo por el momento pero no necesariamente cuando hablamos.

 

ejemplo: I’m looking for a job at the moment

En estos momentos estoy buscando un trabajo

Categories: Ingles Basico Tags:

Presente simple (Present Simple)

October 26, 2010 Leave a comment

 

Sintaxis: sujeto + Verbo

 

El presente simple se utiliza para hablar de cosas que suceden repetidamente. Se suele utilizar con los siguientes adverbios de tiempo:

every day – usually – often – sometimes…

I eat every day at school./ Yo como cada día en la escuela.

 

También se utiliza para hablar de hechos que son en general verdad:

Elephants live in Africa and India./ Los elefantes viven en África y en India.

 

Al conjugar el presente simple se tiene que añadir una s final al verbo pero solo en las terceras personas.

Ejemplo conjugación verbo to like.

 

I like You like Shelikes

He likes It likes We like You like Theylike

 

Los verbos to be, to have y to do tienen una conjugación diferente a la de los demás verbos.

Categories: Ingles Basico Tags:

Conjugación verbo be (ser o estar)

October 26, 2010 Leave a comment

 

infinitivo: to be presente: am / is / are pasado: was / were participio: been

 

 

Modo indicativo

 

 

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Presente (present): yo soy, tú eres, él es …

 

sintaxis: sujeto + presente

I am

It is

You are

We are

He is

You are

She is

They are


 

Pluscuamperfecto (past perfect): yo había / hube sido, tú habías /hubiste sido, él había /hubo sido…

 

Pretérito imperfecto /pasado simple (past simple): yo era, tú eras, él era

 

sintaxis: sujeto + pasado del verbo

 

I was

It was

You were

We were

 

 

He was

You were

She was

They were

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pretérito perfecto compuesto (present perfect): yo he sido, tú has sido, él ha sido…


 

He will have been

You will have been

She will have been

They will have been

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condicional (conditional): yo sería, tú serías, él sería...

 

 

sintaxis: sujeto + would/should + modo infinitivo del verbo

I would be

It would be

You would be

We would be

He would be

You would be

She would be

They would be

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condicional perfecto (past conditional): yo habría o hubiera sido, tú habas o hubieras sido…

 

sintaxis: sujeto + would + have + participio del verbo

I would have been

It would have been

You would have been

We would have been

He would have been

You would have been

She would have been

They would have been

 

 

 

Modo Subjuntivo

 

 

 

 

Presente subjuntivo: Yo sea, tú seas, él sea…

 

sintaxis: sujeto + infinitivo

I be

It be

You be

We be

He be

You be

She be

They be

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pluscuamperfecto: yo hubiera sido, tú hubieras sido, él hubiera sido…

 

sintaxis: sujeto +had + participio del verbo

I had been

It had been

You had been

We had been

He had been

You had been

She had been

They had been

 

 

 

 

Conjugación verbo have (tener o haber)

 

infinitivo: to have presente: have / has pasado: had participio: had

 

 

Modo indicativo

 

 

 

 

Pretérito perfecto compuesto (present perfect): yo he tenido, tú has tenido, él ha tenido… Presente (Present simple): yo tengo, tú tienes, él tiene …

 

 

 

 

 

 

sintaxis: sujeto + presente

I have

It has

You have

We have

 

 

 

 

She has

They have

 

 

He has                             You have

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pretérito imperfecto / pasado simple (past simple): yo tenía, él tenía, tú tenías…


She has had                    They have had

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pluscuamperfecto (past perfect): yo había / hube tenido, tú habías / hubiste tenido, él había / hubo tenido…

 

sintaxis: sujeto + had + participio del verbo

I had had

It had had

You had had

We had had

He had had

You had had

She had had

They had had

 

 

 

 

 

 

Futuro (future): yo tendré, tú tendrás, él tendrá…

 

sintaxis: sujeto + will + verbo en infinitivo

I will have

It will have

You will have

We will have

He will have

You will have

She will have

They will have

 

 

 

 

 

 

Futuro perfecto (future perfect): yo habré tenido, tú habras tenido, él habrá tenido…

 

sintaxis: sujeto + will have + participio del verbo

I will have had

It will have had

You will have had

We will have had

He will have had

You will have had

She will have had

They will have had

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condicional (conditional): yo tenda, tú tendas, él tenda

 

sintaxis: sujeto + would/should + modo infinitivo del verbo

I would have

It would have

You would have

We would have

He would have

You would have

She would have

They would have

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condicional perfecto (past conditional): yo habría o hubiera tenido, tú habas o hubieras tenido…

 

sintaxis: sujeto + would + have + participio del verbo


 

I would have had

It would have had

You would have had

We would have had

He would have had

You would have had

She would have had

They would have had

 

 

 

Modo Subjuntivo

 

 

 

 

Presente subjuntivo: Yo tenga, tú tengas, él tenga…

 

sintaxis: sujeto + infinitivo

I have

It have

You have

We have

He have

You have

She have

They have

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pretérito imperfecto: yo tuviera, tú tuvieras, él tuviera…

 

sintaxis: sujeto + pasado del verbo

I had

It had

You had

We had

He had

You had

She had

They had

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pluscuamperfecto: yo hubiera tenido, tú hubieras tenido, él hubiera tenido…

 

sintaxis: sujeto +had + participio del verbo

I had had

It had had

You had had

We had had

He had had

You had had

She had had

They had had

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conjugación verbo do (hacer)

 

infinitivo: to do presente: do / does pasado: did participio: done


 

 

Modo indicativo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sintaxis: sujeto + presente

 

 

I do

It does

You do

We do

 

 

 

 

She does

They do

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

I will do

It will do

You will do

We will do

He will do

You will do

She will do

They will do

 

 

 

 

 

 

Futuro perfecto (future perfect): yo habré hecho, tú habras hecho, él habrá hecho…

 

sintaxis: sujeto + will have + participio del verbo

I will have done

It will have done

You will have done

We will have done

He will have done

You will have done

She will have done

They will have done

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condicional (conditional): yo haa, tú haas, él haa...

 

 

sintaxis: sujeto + would/should + modo infinitivo del verbo

I would do

It would do

You would do

We would do

He would do

You would do

She would do

They would do

 

 

 

 

 

 

clip_image022Condicional perfecto (past conditional): yo habría o hubiera hecho, tú habas o hubieras hecho…

 

sintaxis: sujeto + would + have + participio del verbo

I would have done

It would have done

You would have done

We would have done

He would have done

You would have done

She would have done

They would have done

 

 

 

Modo Subjuntivo

 

 

 

 

Presente subjuntivo: Yo haga, tú hagas, él haga…

 

sintaxis: sujeto + infinitivo

I do

It do

You do

We do

He do

You do

She do

They do


 

 

 

 

 

 

Pretérito imperfecto: yo hiciera, tú hicieras, él hiciera…

 

sintaxis: sujeto + pasado del verbo

I did

It did

You did

We did

He did

You did

She did

They did

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pluscuamperfecto: yo hubiera hecho, tú hubieras hecho, él hubiera hecho…

 

sintaxis: sujeto +had + participio del verbo

I had been

It had been

You had been

We had been

He had been

You had been

She had been

They had been

Las personas

October 26, 2010 Leave a comment

personas

Saludos, despedidas y presentaciones

October 26, 2010 1 comment

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Buenos días

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Good morning

 

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Buenas tardes

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Good afternoon

 

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Buenas noches

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Good evening

 

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Buenas noches

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Good night

 

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¡Adios!

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Bye, Good bye

 

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¡Hasta luego! See you later!

 

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¡Hasta pronto! See you (soon)!

 

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¡Hasta mañana!

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See you tomorrow!

 

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¡Hola!

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Hi! Hello!

(también en inglés americano: howdy! hiya!)

 

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¿Cómo estás? How are you?

 

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¿Qué tal?

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How are things?

 

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¿Qué tal?

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How are you getting on?

 

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fine, thanks bien, gracias

 

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¿A qué te dedicas? What do you do?

 

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¿Cómo te llamas? What’s your name?

 

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¿Puedo presentarme? May I introduce myself?

 

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Quisiera que conociese a… I’d like you to meet…

 

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Le presento a …

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Let me introduce you to …

 

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Encantado, Mucho gusto

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Nice / pleased to meet you.

 

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¡Mucho gusto! / Cómo les va? How do you do?

 

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¿Cómo está tu familia? How’s your family?

 

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¿Tu familia está bien? Is your family well?

 

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Salúdalos en mi nombre.

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Give them my kindest regards.

 

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¡buena suerte! All the best!

 

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Estoy a tu disposición. I am at your disposal.

 

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Recuerdos a todos.

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Kind regards to everybody.

 

 

 

 

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Recuerdos! / Mis mejores deseos! Best wishes!